The President of the United States is chosen according to how many votes each candidate receives in the electoral college. This is why it was so important to learn just who won the state of Florida back in 2000. This system gave us the Presidency of George W Bush instead of Al Gore, despite the fact that more people voted for Al Gore.
There are three systems of counting votes in a presidential election in the United States, two of which vary by state:
- Winner take all, where the winner of the popular vote in a given state receives every electoral vote. Most states use this system today.
- District-by-district, where the winner of the popular vote in each congressional district wins only that district’s electoral vote. Maine uses this system.
- Straight popular vote, which is simply a count of how many people voted for each candidate. Although this number is important, it is the winner of the electoral vote that is elected president.
If you could decide which of these systems were used nation-wide, which election method would you choose to choose the President of the United States?